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Open Access Research

Analysis of an offset modulation transmission

Kahesh Dhuness* and Bodhaswar T Maharaj

Author Affiliations

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2013, 2013:19  doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2013-19

Published: 30 January 2013

Abstract

In this article, a method called offset modulation (OM-OFDM) is proposed to control the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signal. The theoretical bandwidth occupancy of the proposed offset modulated signal is derived. Using these bandwidth occupancy results, a closed-form theoretical bit error rate (BER) expression for an offset modulated transmission is derived and validated. Thereafter, a BER comparison between OM-OFDM and OFDM at a PAPR value of 13 dB shows that both methods offer similar BER characteristics for frequency selective fading channel conditions. The OM-OFDM method in addition is able to accurately control the PAPR of a transmission for a targeted BER. The authors have further proposed a newly applied power performance decision metric, which can be used throughout the PAPR field, in order to compare various methods. By using this power performance decision metric, the authors show that OM-OFDM offers between 4 dB–1.2 dB (60.34%–24.6%) and 4.1 dB–1.2 dB (60.8%–23.6%), net power performance gain (at a BER of 10−4) when compared to a clipped OFDM, OFDM, tone reserved (TR) OFDM and an active constellation extended (ACE) OFDM transmission in a frequency selective fading channel. Finally, by using a complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF), the OM-OFDM method is shown to offer between 3.2 dB and 2 dB PAPR reduction (at a CCDF of 10−1) when compared to an OFDM, TR, clipped, and ACE OFDM transmission.