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Open Access Research

Training design for precoded BICM-MIMO systems in block-fading channels

Zohreh Andalibi12*, Ha H Nguyen12 and Joseph E Salt12

Author Affiliations

1 TRLabs, Saskatoon, Canada

2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Saskatchewan 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N5A9, Canada

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:80  doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-80

Published: 4 March 2012


In order to improve bandwidth efficiency and error performance, a new training scheme is proposed for bit-interleaved-coded modulation in multiple-input multiple-output (BICM-MIMO) systems. Typically, in a block-fading channel, the training overhead used for obtaining channel knowledge is proportional to a power of 2 of the number of transmit antennas. However, this overhead can be reduced by embedding pilot symbols within data symbols before precoding. The values, positions, and the number of pilot symbols are found by minimizing the Cramer-Rao bound on the channel estimation error. Computer simulations are presented to demonstrate the advantage of the proposed scheme over other training methods, in terms of both the mean-square-error of the channel estimation and the system's frame-error-rate.

BICM-MIMO; block fading; channel estimation; training design; pilot symbols; Cramer-Rao bound; iterative receiver