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Open Access Research

Equal rate resource allocation for multiuser OFDM

Chunhui Liu1*, Anke Schmeink2 and Rudolf Mathar1

Author Affiliations

1 , RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany

2 UMIC Research Centre, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:344  doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-344

Published: 16 November 2012

Abstract

The performance of multicarrier systems can be enhanced by the water filling strategy, in which different rates and powers are allocated to subcarriers. However, the induced large signalling overhead leads to less transmission efficiency. To suppress this effect this article proposes an alternative strategy by dynamically assigning the same rate to each subcarrier per user. First, we quantify the asymptotic limits of its instantaneous per-symbol performance loss compared to water filling. Then, we apply this strategy to weighted sum rate maximization subject to minimum required rates and limited transmission power. Due to the simplicity of the proposed strategy, a low-complexity method is given, which can be used for other resource allocation problems in multi-carrier systems with small modifications. Simulations demonstrate that the instantaneous per-symbol performance loss of our method compared to the water filling strategy becomes insignificant if the number of users is large. The proposed method has even better performance for fast time-varying channels with respect to the signalling overhead. Moreover, given the subcarrier assignment from the proposed method, water filling can be performed and the output is close to the primal optimum.

Keywords:
OFDM; Resource allocation; Rate maximization