Training sequence based frequency-domain channel estimation for indoor diffuse wireless optical communications
1 College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
3 National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:326 doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-326Published: 30 October 2012
Channel estimation is a key technology for wireless optical communication (WOC) systems. Based on the training sequence (TS), this article develops three frequency domain (FD) channel estimation approaches for diffuse wireless optical channels. Considering the propagation property of light and the characteristics of optical modulation, this article establishes a link model for the indoor WOC systems. Using the established link model, three FD channel estimation methods, such as the LS method, the minimum mean square error (MMSE) method and the ORL-MMSE method are proposed. The computational complexity analysis gives time complexities of the three channel estimation methods in FD. This article also evaluates the performance of the proposed three methods by computer simulation, measuring in terms of MSE and BER, respectively. Further more, based on the Cramer–Rao Bound theorem, optimal TSs are found and tabulated for different channel responses and TS lengths. By using the optimal TSs, channel estimation errors measured by BER performance are also investigated.