Multi-cell cooperative transmission based on unitary space-time modulation
Key Lab of Information Coding & Transmission, Institute of Mobile Communications, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610031, P. R. China
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:251 doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-251Published: 10 August 2012
As a non-coherent transmission scheme that does not require channel state information at both transmitters and receivers, unitary space-time modulation is a promising technique that can be applied in high mobility scenario where the fading coefficients are changing too fast to be tracked and estimated. This article proposes a multi-cell cooperative transmission scheme based on unitary space-time modulation. Each cooperative base-station transmits an individual unitary signal from the common constellation set to the mobile unit which is located at the cell edge and suffers from severe inter-cell interference. Compared with traditional unitary space-time modulation, cooperation among multi-cells not only eliminates the inter-cell co-channel interference but also increases the transmission rate by expanding the constellation size. Performance of error probability is analyzed for the proposed scenario with maximum-likelihood decoding, in which the exact pairwise error probability is derived. Additionally, constellation optimization for cooperative transmission is also discussed to achieve the balance between transmission efficiency and reliability. Simulation results are provided to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in both block-fading channels and fast-fading channels.