Generalizing and optimizing fractional frequency reuse in broadband cellular radio access networks
Department of Science and Technology, Campus Norrköping, Linköping University, Norrköping, SE-60174, Sweden
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:230 doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-230Published: 24 July 2012
For broadband cellular access based on orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), fractional frequency reuse (FFR) is one of the key concepts for mitigating inter-cell interference and optimizing cell-edge performance. In standard FFR, the number of OFDMA sub-bands and the reuse factor are fixed. Whereas this works well for an idealized cell pattern, it is neither directly applicable nor adequate for real-life networks with irregular cell layouts. In this article, we consider a generalized FFR (GFFR) scheme to allow for flexibility in the total number of sub-bands as well as the number of sub-bands in each cell-edge zone, to enable network-adaptive FFR. In addition, the GFFR scheme takes power assignment in consideration. We formalize the complexity of the optimization problem, and develop an optimization algorithm based on local search to maximize the cell-edge throughput. Numerical results using networks with realistic radio propagation conditions demonstrate the applicability of the GFFR scheme in performance engineering of OFDMA networks.