Performance analysis of relay selection in cooperative networks over Rayleigh flat fading channels
, College of Engineering, UAE University, Al Ain, UAE
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:224 doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-224Published: 19 July 2012
Performance analysis of an up-link cooperative diversity system is investigated; sharing of the two ordered best relays over Rayleigh flat fading channel is introduced to establish full diversity order for both users. The two users are competing for the same best relay, so assigning the best relay for one user, and the next-best relay for the other shows different diversity orders. The relays are ordered based on the end-to-end signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the source-relay-destination links. In this sense, relay selection is examined under different criteria. Mainly, the ordered best relay, the ordered next-best relay, and equally sharing the two best ordered relays. To this end, analytical expression, for the moment generating function (MGF) is derived, and used to find the probability density function (PDF), and the cumulative density function of the end-to-end SNR for decode and forward (DF) sharing scenario. Furthermore, the MGF of the upper bound of the end-to-end SNR for amplify and forward (AF) sharing scenario is also derived. Sharing the two ordered best relays shows better performance in the bit error probability (BEP) than using the next-best relay alone in DF relay systems, while exploiting the full diversity of the system. Sharing of the two ordered best relays in AF relay systems shows better BEP performance than using the best relay alone. Distributed space time block coding and distributed beamforming (BF) scenarios at the relays that utilize the bandwidth more efficiently are also explored. It is found that the BEP performance of the two ordered best relays distributed BF with equal power allocation for AF (at high SNR) and DF (for all SNRs) schemes outperforms the BEP performance of the best ordered relay alone. The BEP performance for the DF distributed BF scheme with equal power allocation approaches the BEP performance of the optimum power assignment under global power sum constraint. Numerical simulations are used to validate the analysis.