Radio resource reservation for heterogeneous traffic in cellular networks with spectrum leasing
1 Department of Optoelectronics and Comm. Engineering, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, 802 Taiwan
2 Department of Mathematics, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, 802 Taiwan
3 Information and Comms. Research Lab., Industrial Technology Research Institute, , Hsinchu 30043, Taiwan
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:206 doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-206Published: 2 July 2012
Radio channel reservation is used to alleviate call dropping which may occur in two situations: (i) hand-off between cells in cellular networks, and (ii) channel withdrawal in wireless networks with spectrum leasing. In this article, we study a radio resource reservation scheme for heterogeneous traffic in a cellular network with spectrum leasing, in which one reservation pool is used to alleviate the two types of call droppings. Since different types of traffic have different tolerances to the exhaustion of channels, it is critical for different types of traffic to select the optimal size of the reservation pool such that the channel requirements of different types of traffic are satisfied while throughput is maximized. A three-dimensional Markov chain is presented to find the optimal size of reservation pool. Numerical and simulation results show that (i) the selected parameters of reservation satisfy the quality-of-service requirements of different types of traffic while produce high throughput, and (ii) channel withdrawal yields higher impact on real-time traffic than non-real-time traffic in terms of throughput.