Open Access Research Article

Performance-Driven Symbol Mapping for Downlink and Point-to-Point MIMO Systems

C Masouros1* and E Alsusa2

Author Affiliations

1 School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics & Computer Science, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT3 9DT, UK

2 School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, P.O. Box 88, Manchester M601QD, UK

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2011, 2011:376394  doi:10.1155/2011/376394

Published: 13 March 2011


An adaptive symbol mapping scheme is proposed for single-user point-to-point and multiuser downlink multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) systems aiming at the minimization of the overall system bit error rate. The proposed scheme introduces a disorder to the symbols to be transmitted within a MIMO subframe by means of dynamic mapping, with the objective to optimise the interference between them and enhance the received symbols' power. This is done by either changing the allocation order of the symbols to the antennas or by applying a scrambling process that alters the symbols sign. This procedure is targeted to optimizing, rather than strictly minimizing the interference between the symbols such that constructive instantaneous interference is utilized in enhancing the decision variables at the receiver on a symbol-by-symbol basis so that detection is made more reliable. In this way, the overall system performance is improved without the need to raise the transmitted power. The proposed scheme can be used in conjunction with various conventional MIMO precoding and detection techniques. The presented results show that for a given transmit power budget this scheme provides significant benefits to the corresponding conventional system's error rate performance.