Space Alignment for Cognitive Transmission in MIMO Uplink Channels
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Cyprus, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2010, 2010:465157 doi:10.1155/2010/465157Published: 3 November 2010
This paper investigates a new transmission technique for cognitive access in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) uplink channels with waterfilling power allocation- (WPA-) based primary transmission. The proposed technique allows a cognitive node to access the common destination simultaneously with the primary node, without affecting the MIMO primary performance. By using an appropriate precoding design, the cognitive node aligns its transmitted signal to the unused primary eigenmodes and ensures an orthogonality between the primary and the cognitive links. In order to overcome the limitation of the conventional WPA at high signal-to-noise ratios, a modified WPA enables the primary node to release some eigenmodes in order to provide a positive cognitive rate for all the cases.