This article is part of the series 3GPP LTE and LTE Advanced.

Open Access Research Article

On the Way towards Fourth-Generation Mobile: 3GPP LTE and LTE-Advanced

David Martín-Sacristán, JoseF Monserrat*, Jorge Cabrejas-Peñuelas, Daniel Calabuig, Salvador Garrigas and Narcís Cardona

Author Affiliations

iTEAM Research Institute, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera S/N, 46022 Valencia, Spain

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2009, 2009:354089  doi:10.1155/2009/354089

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received:31 January 2009
Accepted:18 June 2009
Published:3 August 2009

© 2009 The Author(s).

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is the new standard recently specified by the 3GPP on the way towards fourth-generation mobile. This paper presents the main technical features of this standard as well as its performance in terms of peak bit rate and average cell throughput, among others. LTE entails a big technological improvement as compared with the previous 3G standard. However, this paper also demonstrates that LTE performance does not fulfil the technical requirements established by ITU-R to classify one radio access technology as a member of the IMT-Advanced family of standards. Thus, this paper describes the procedure followed by the 3GPP to address these challenging requirements. Through the design and optimization of new radio access techniques and a further evolution of the system, the 3GPP is laying down the foundations of the future LTE-Advanced standard, the 3GPP candidate for 4G. This paper offers a brief insight into these technological trends.

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