Capacity of Time-Hopping PPM and PAM UWB Multiple Access Communications over Indoor Fading Channels
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, China
2 Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada, V8S 4W9
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2008, 2008:273018 doi:10.1155/2008/273018Published: 4 March 2008
The capacity of time-hopping pulse position modulation (PPM) and pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) for an ultra-wideband (UWB) communication system is investigated based on the multipath fading statistics of UWB indoor wireless channels. A frequency-selective fading channel is considered for both single-user and multiple-user UWB wireless systems. A Gaussian approximation based on the single-user results is used to derive the multiple access capacity. Capacity expressions are derived from a signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) perspective for various fading environments. The capacity expressions are verified via Monte Carlo simulation.